Mord mit Sturmgewehr schockiert Japan. Ein japanischer Yakuza-Führer wird in einem Bandenkrieg niedergemäht. Es ist ein rarer Fall in einem. Die Yakuza war einst die mächtigste Verbrecherorganisation in Japan. Aber diese Zeiten sind lange vorbei. Die Yakuza, eine kriminelle. Auch die Unterwelt von Japan beherbergt eine Mafia: Die Yakuza. Die japanische Mafia erklären wir Ihnen einfach in diesem Praxistipp.
Die Yakuza – Portrait einer einst mächtigen OrganisationÜber die Frauen der Yakuza ist wenig bekannt. Eine aktive Rolle spielen sie in der japanischen Mafia-Organisation nicht, ihre grossflächigen. HERBERT, Yakuza im Wandel, 18, 26, 28, 30, 32; DERS., Japan nach Sonnenuntergang, ; KAWAMURA, Gesellschaftliche Bedingungen organisierter. Die Welt der Yakuza in Japan. Die Ehre geht über alles. Wer dagegen verstößt, schneidet sich schon mal einen Finger ab. Im Kinofilm "Brother".
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Critique Internationale in French. The Foreign Correspondents' Club of Japan. Archived from the original on 30 March Retrieved 3 October Jane's Intelligence Review : 4.
December The New York Times. Daily Beast. Japan Today. Retrieved 18 January Retrieved 5 January Retrieved 10 October Bruno, A. East Asian Intelligence and Organised Crime.
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Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Download as PDF Printable version. Wikimedia Commons. Principal clans: Yamaguchi-gumi Sumiyoshi-kai Inagawa-kai.
It is also involved in operations in Asia and the United States. Shinobu Tsukasa , also known as Kenichi Shinoda, is the Yamaguchi-gumi's current oyabun.
He follows an expansionist policy, and has increased operations in Tokyo which has not traditionally been the territory of the Yamaguchi-gumi. The Sumiyoshi-kai is the second largest Yakuza family, with an estimated 4, members.
Sumiyoshi-kai is a confederation of smaller Yakuza groups. Structurally, Sumiyoshi-kai differs from its principal rival, the Yamaguchi-gumi , in that it functions like a federation.
The chain of command is more relaxed, and its leadership is distributed among several other members.
The Inagawa-kai is the third largest Yakuza family in Japan, with roughly 3, members. It is based in the Tokyo-Yokohama area and was one of the first Yakuza families to expand its operations outside of Japan.
Pigs and Battleships. Sympathy for the Underdog. Battles Without Honor and Humanity. In Japan and elsewhere, especially in the West, the term yakuza can be used to refer to individual gangsters or criminals as well as to their organized groups and to Japanese organized crime in general.
Yakuza adopt samurai -like rituals and often bear elaborate body tattoos. They engage in extortion, blackmail, smuggling , prostitution , drug trafficking, gambling , loan sharking, day-labour contracting, and other rackets and control many restaurants, bars, trucking companies, talent agencies, taxi fleets, factories, and other businesses in major Japanese cities.
They are also involved in criminal activities worldwide. According to police estimates, gang membership reached its highest level, of some ,, in the early s.
However, by the early 21st century their numbers had declined to approximately 80,, divided roughly evenly between regular members and associates.
The members are organized into hundreds of gangs, most of them affiliated under the umbrella of one of some 20 conglomerate gangs.
It meant that these men were being granted the same honors as nobility. Ironically, turning to crime had given the Burakumin their first taste of respect.
By Mark Oliver. The Yakuza aren't just the "Japanese Mafia. Share Tweet Email. Report a bad ad experience. Mark Oliver. During the feudal era of Japan, many people were poor and only a few were rich.
Some people believe that the Yakuza are descended from a ragtag group of people who took money from feudal lords, which they then distributed to the poor.
After the and earthquakes, some of the first groups to help the victims were Yakuza organizations. They gave food, water, and other necessities.
They also sent out people to help at the Fukushima power plant. Although some people say that the latter was just a PR stunt and the people sent to the plant were tricked, bribed, or forced to go there.
When the samurai class was no longer needed, many swordsmen found themselves without any source of income. So, they began to form street gangs called kabukimono.
They would dress up flamboyantly and act violently. They would harass and extort money from peasants. When this became unprofitable, they moved to cities and offered their services as thugs and bruisers.
This samurai spirit is still alive in some of the rituals of the Yakuza. The members are also supposed to strictly follow the code of the samurai.
The Aizukotetsu-kai in Kyoto established around is considered the longest-existing Yakuza society. The Yamaguchi-gumi is the largest with about 9, members today.
But the majority of their income still comes from illegal activities. But recent laws have restricted their activities significantly.
In , a law was passed that made it illegal for Yakuza to be involved in legitimate businesses. In , ordinances were passed that included hefty penalties for those who pay off Yakuza or do business with them.
The government in Fukuoka set up a program that offered financial assistance to Yakuza members who want to get out of their gangs and get legitimate jobs.
In the s, the Yakuza membership peaked at about , Now, there are only about 39, members. Some organizations are said to find it hard to pay the wages of their members.
Home Posts. By Jacob Harris October 9, The second group that gave rise to the yakuza was the bakuto , or gamblers.
Gambling was strictly forbidden during Tokugawa times and remains illegal in Japan to this day. The bakuto took to the highways, fleecing unsuspecting marks with dice games or with hanafuda card games.
They often sported colorful tattoos all over their bodies, which led to the custom of full-body tattooing for modern-day yakuza.
From their core business as gamblers, the bakuto branched out naturally into loan sharking and other illegal activities.
Even today, specific yakuza gangs may identify themselves as tekiya or bakuto, depending on how they make the majority of their money.
They also retain rituals used by the earlier groups as part of their initiation ceremonies. Since the end of World War II , yakuza gangs have rebounded in popularity after a lull during the war.
The Japanese government estimated in that there were more than , yakuza members working in Japan and abroad, in 2, different families. Despite the official end of discrimination against burakumin in , more than years later, many gang members are descendants of that outcast class.